Relocating to Canada as a Lawyer from Nigeria [Complete Guide]

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Relocating to a new country can be a transformative experience, especially for legal professionals seeking career opportunities and a better quality of life. Canada has emerged as an attractive destination for skilled immigrants, including lawyers, due to its robust legal system, diverse economy, and inclusive immigration policies. In this article, we will provide a detailed guide on how to relocate to Canada as a lawyer from Nigeria, covering the essential steps and requirements.

Research and Understand Canadian Immigration Programs

Before embarking on your journey to Canada, it is crucial to research and understand the various immigration programs available to legal professionals. The most relevant program for lawyers is the Express Entry system, which manages the selection process for skilled workers. Under the Express Entry system, there are three primary immigration streams:

1. Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

This program is designed for individuals with skilled work experience, including lawyers. To qualify, you must meet the minimum eligibility criteria, such as language proficiency, education, work experience, and adaptability factors.

2. Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)

Provinces and territories in Canada have their own nomination programs to address specific labor market needs. Some provinces may have specific streams for legal professionals, providing additional opportunities for lawyers to obtain a provincial nomination.

3. Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)

The AIP is a collaboration between the Atlantic provinces and the federal government, aimed at attracting skilled immigrants to the region. Lawyers can explore this program if they intend to settle in one of the Atlantic provinces.

Meet the Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for Canadian immigration as a lawyer, you must meet certain criteria. These criteria include:

1. Educational Qualifications

You must have a recognized law degree from a reputable institution. Canadian authorities will evaluate your credentials to ensure they meet the required standards. It is advisable to have your educational qualifications assessed by a recognized credential evaluation service.

2. Language Proficiency

Proficiency in English or French is crucial to practice law in Canada. You will need to take a language proficiency test, such as the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) or Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP) for English, or the Test d’évaluation de français (TEF) for French. Aim for a high score to maximize your chances of successful immigration.

3. Work Experience

The Express Entry system awards points for work experience. Accumulating significant legal work experience will enhance your chances of receiving an invitation to apply for Canadian permanent residency. It is beneficial to have several years of relevant experience as a lawyer.

4. Legal Licensing

Upon arrival in Canada, you will need to obtain the necessary licenses to practice law. The specific requirements for licensing vary by province or territory, so it is important to research the licensing process for the region you intend to settle in. In most cases, you will need to complete the National Committee on Accreditation (NCA) exams and fulfill any additional requirements set by the provincial or territorial law society.

Language Proficiency Tests and Documentation

To demonstrate your language proficiency, you must take the appropriate language test. As mentioned earlier, the IELTS or CELPIP is accepted for English proficiency, while the TEF is accepted for French proficiency. Prepare for these tests well in advance and aim for high scores to increase your chances of successful immigration.

Gather all the necessary documents required for your immigration application, such as educational certificates, transcripts, proof of work experience, and professional licenses. It is essential to have these documents translated into English or French by a certified translator if they are in another language.

Create an Express Entry Profile and Complete the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)


an Express Entry profile is the first step towards being considered for immigration to Canada. The profile requires you to provide detailed information about your qualifications, work experience, language proficiency, and other relevant details. Based on this information, you will be assigned a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score.

The CRS score is determined by factors such as age, education, work experience, language skills, and adaptability. It is crucial to strive for a competitive CRS score to improve your chances of receiving an invitation to apply for permanent residency.

Enhancing Your CRS Score

To increase your CRS score and improve your chances of receiving an invitation to apply, consider the following strategies:

  • Language Proficiency: Dedicate time and effort to improving your language skills, as higher scores in language proficiency tests can significantly impact your CRS score.
  • Education: Pursue additional education or certifications in the legal field to enhance your CRS score. Ensure that your qualifications are properly evaluated and recognized in Canada.
  • Work Experience: Gain more relevant legal work experience, such as internships, articling, or employment with law firms or legal organizations. Accumulating additional years of experience can increase your CRS score.
  • Provincial Nomination: Explore the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) available for legal professionals. Some provinces may have specific streams targeting lawyers, providing additional opportunities to obtain a provincial nomination and increase your CRS score.

Submitting your Express Entry Profile

Once your Express Entry profile is complete and you have obtained an eligible CRS score, you will enter the Express Entry pool. The Canadian government regularly conducts draws from the pool, inviting candidates with the highest CRS scores to apply for permanent residency.

If you receive an invitation to apply (ITA), you will have a limited timeframe to submit your complete application, including supporting documents and fees. Ensure that all the required documents are prepared and organized beforehand to expedite the process.

Applying for Permanent Residency

Upon receiving an ITA, you will need to complete the application for permanent residency. This comprehensive application includes personal information, background checks, medical examinations, and details about your education and work experience. Seek assistance from an immigration consultant or lawyer to ensure your application is accurate, complete, and submitted within the specified timeline.

Arriving in Canada and Licensing Process

Once your application is approved, you will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) document and a permanent resident visa (if applicable). Plan your travel to Canada accordingly, ensuring you comply with any COVID-19 travel restrictions or requirements.

Upon arrival, you will need to complete the landing process, where an immigration officer will verify your documents and grant you permanent resident status. After becoming a permanent resident, you must apply for a license from the provincial or territorial law society in the jurisdiction where you plan to practice law. The licensing process may involve completing the NCA exams, providing character references, and meeting other requirements set by the law society.

Settling in Canada

Relocating to Canada involves more than just obtaining permanent residency and a legal license. Take the necessary steps to settle comfortably in your new country:

  • Housing: Research housing options and consider renting or purchasing a home in a location that suits your needs and proximity to legal firms or organizations.
  • Networking and Professional Associations: Join local legal associations, attend networking events, and connect with other legal professionals. These connections can provide valuable insights, mentorship opportunities, and potential job prospects.
  • Familiarize with Canadian Legal System: Gain an understanding of the Canadian legal system, laws, and regulations. Stay updated with legal developments in Canada and participate in continuing education programs to adapt to the local legal landscape.
  • Adaptation and Integration: Embrace the Canadian culture, connect with your local community, and make an effort to integrate into the society. Engage in social activities, learn about Canadian traditions, and explore the diverse opportunities available in your new home.


Relocating to Canada as a lawyer from Nigeria presents exciting opportunities for professional growth and a fulfilling life. By researching immigration programs, meeting eligibility criteria, preparing necessary documentation, and navigating the Express Entry system, you can successfully embark on your journey to Canada. Remember to continually work towards improving your CRS score, seek professional assistance when needed, and actively engage in the settlement process to ensure a smooth transition into your new life as a legal professional in Canada.