How to Relocate to Canada as a Medical Doctor from Nigeria

Relocating to another country can be a life-changing decision, especially for medical professionals seeking better opportunities and a higher quality of life. Canada has emerged as a popular destination for skilled immigrants, including medical doctors, due to its excellent healthcare system, strong economy, and welcoming immigration policies. In this article, we will provide a detailed guide on how to relocate to Canada as a medical doctor from Nigeria, covering the essential steps and requirements.

Research and Understand Canadian Immigration Programs

Before embarking on your journey to Canada, it is crucial to research and understand the various immigration programs available to medical professionals. The most relevant program for doctors is the Express Entry system, which manages the selection process for skilled workers. Under the Express Entry system, there are three main immigration streams:

1. Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

This program is designed for individuals with skilled work experience, including medical professionals. To qualify, you must meet the minimum eligibility criteria, such as language proficiency, education, and work experience.

2. Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)

Provinces and territories in Canada have their own nomination programs to address specific labor market needs. Some provinces may have specific streams for healthcare professionals, providing additional opportunities for doctors.

3. Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)

The AIP is a partnership between the Atlantic provinces and the federal government, aimed at attracting skilled immigrants to the region. Medical professionals can explore this program if they intend to settle in one of the Atlantic provinces.

Meet the Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for Canadian immigration as a medical doctor, you must meet certain criteria. These criteria include:

1. Educational Qualifications

You must have a recognized medical degree and be licensed to practice medicine in Nigeria. Canadian authorities will evaluate your credentials to ensure they meet the required standards.

2. Language Proficiency

Proficiency in English or French is crucial to practice medicine in Canada. You will need to take a language proficiency test, such as the IELTS or CELPIP (for English) or TEF (for French), and obtain the required minimum scores.

3. Work Experience

The Express Entry system assigns points based on your work experience. To maximize your chances, it is advantageous to have several years of relevant clinical experience as a medical doctor.

4. Medical Licensing

Upon arrival in Canada, you will need to obtain the necessary licenses to practice medicine. The specific requirements vary by province or territory, so it is important to research the licensing process for the region you intend to settle in.

Language Proficiency Tests and Documentation

To demonstrate your language proficiency, you must take the appropriate language test. The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) and Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP) are the two accepted tests for English proficiency. The Test d’évaluation de français (TEF) is accepted for French proficiency. Prepare for these tests well in advance and aim for a high score to increase your chances of successful immigration.

Additionally, gather all the necessary documents required for your immigration application, such as educational certificates, transcripts, work experience letters, and professional licenses. It is essential to have these documents translated into English or French by a certified translator if they are in another language.

Create an Express Entry Profile and Complete the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

Creating an Express Entry profile is the first step to be considered for immigration to Canada. The profile will require you to provide detailed information about your qualifications, work experience, language proficiency, and other relevant details. Based on this information, you will be assigned a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score.

The CRS score is determined by factors such as age, education, work experience, language skills, and adaptability.

Improve Your CRS Score

To enhance your chances of receiving an invitation to apply for Canadian permanent residency, it is important to improve your CRS score. Here are some strategies to boost your score:

  • Language Proficiency: Aim for higher scores in language proficiency tests. Consider taking language courses or engaging in intensive practice to improve your language skills.
  • Education: If you have completed additional education beyond your medical degree, ensure that your qualifications are properly evaluated and recognized in Canada. Higher levels of education can earn you additional CRS points.
  • Work Experience: Gain more relevant work experience to increase your CRS score. Consider pursuing fellowships, specialized training, or research opportunities in your field.
  • Provincial Nomination: If you meet the criteria for the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), apply for nomination from a specific province. A provincial nomination can significantly boost your CRS score and increase your chances of receiving an invitation to apply.

Submitting your Express Entry Profile

Once your Express Entry profile is complete and you have obtained an eligible CRS score, you will enter the Express Entry pool. The Canadian government holds regular draws from the pool, inviting candidates with the highest CRS scores to apply for permanent residency.

If you receive an invitation to apply (ITA), you will have a limited timeframe to submit your complete application, including supporting documents and fees. Ensure that all the required documents are prepared and organized beforehand to expedite the process.

Applying for Permanent Residency

Upon receiving an ITA, you will need to complete the application for permanent residency. This comprehensive application includes personal information, background checks, medical examinations, and details about your education and work experience. Seek assistance from an immigration consultant or lawyer to ensure your application is accurate, complete, and submitted within the specified timeline.

Arriving in Canada and Licensing Process

Once your application is approved, you will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) document and a permanent resident visa (if applicable). Plan your travel to Canada accordingly, ensuring you comply with any COVID-19 travel restrictions or requirements.

Upon arrival, you will need to complete the landing process, where an immigration officer will verify your documents and grant you permanent resident status. After becoming a permanent resident, you must apply for a medical license in the province or territory where you plan to practice medicine. The licensing process involves submitting your credentials, undergoing assessments, and potentially completing additional exams or training programs.

Settling in Canada

Relocating to Canada involves more than just obtaining permanent residency and a medical license. Take the necessary steps to settle comfortably in your new country:

  • Housing: Research housing options and consider renting or purchasing a home in a location that suits your needs and proximity to healthcare facilities.
  • Healthcare System Familiarization: Familiarize yourself with the Canadian healthcare system, including regulations, procedures, and standards of practice. Stay updated with medical advancements and participate in continuing education programs.
  • Networking and Professional Associations: Join local medical associations, attend conferences, and network with other healthcare professionals. These connections can provide valuable insights, mentorship opportunities, and potential job prospects.
  • Adaptation and Integration: Embrace the Canadian culture, connect with your local community, and make an effort to integrate into the society. Engage in social activities, learn about Canadian traditions, and explore the diverse opportunities available in your new home.


Relocating to Canada as a medical doctor from Nigeria is an exciting opportunity for professional growth and a better quality of life. By understanding the immigration programs, meeting eligibility criteria, preparing necessary documentation, and navigating the Express Entry system, you can successfully embark on your journey to Canada. Remember to continually work towards improving your CRS score, seek professional assistance when needed, and actively engage in the settlement process to ensure a smooth transition into your new life a medical professional in Canada.